Employers sponsor dental plans for a variety of reasons, including the promotion of good health, keeping their work force healthy and fit, and attracting and retaining top-notch employees.

Your employer will provide you with details of your plan that are easy to understand. It will give you a brief overview of the services that are covered, limitations and exclusions, and the fee guide used to calculate benefits. Keep in mind that this page offers a brief summary and the actual specifics of the plan will be spelled out in a contract between the employer and the dental plan administrator.

The employer enters into a dental plan contract with a third party that will act as the plan administrator. Dental plan contracts are lengthy, complex documents that define what services are covered and under what circumstances those services are eligible for reimbursement.

Some limitations such as frequency limitations — for example, “This service is covered once every three years” — are easily understood, while others are more complex, such as, “This service is covered only when there is evidence of recurrent decay or fracture”. Dental plan administrators are contractually obligated to reimburse patients based upon the terms of the dental plan contract. This means that in some instances, necessary treatment may not be covered.

You and Your Dental Plan

The Patient’s Responsibilities

There are more than 30,000 dental plan contracts in Ontario, and each one is a little different from the next. As a smart consumer, you should make it your job to understand the details of your dental plan, and to supply your dental plan administrator with necessary information such as pre-treatment forms, claim forms or any supplementary information. You are also responsible for making arrangements for payment to your dentist for the dental care received.

The Dentist’s Responsibilities

Your dentist, in accordance with the Regulated Health Professions Act and applicable regulations, will give you information on available treatment options appropriate to address your dental care needs, regardless of the nature and extent of your dental plan coverage. In addition, the dentist will assist you by supplying information required to enable you to receive benefits to which you may be entitled under your dental plan.

How Your Dentist Helps You With Your Dental Plan

Your dentist will be happy to supply you with claim and pre-treatment forms, which you will need to receive benefits through your dental plan.

Sometimes additional information may be requested by your plan administrator in order to ensure that the treatment is covered by your plan. In such cases the plan administrator will write to you and ask you to obtain the information from your dentist. Your dentist will supply any information you request, but it is your responsibility to provide it to your dental plan administrator. This ensures that your health record remains confidential and your privacy is protected.

Dental plans are designed to help patients pay for their dental treatment. However, not all dental treatments are eligible or fully reimbursable. If your dental treatment is only partially covered, you will have to share in the cost of your dental care.

Remember, you are a partner in your oral health. All treatment and care decisions should be made by you and your dentist based upon your actual needs, aside from your dental plan coverage. Your dental plan is not necessarily a treatment plan!

Dental Fees vs. Dental Plans

There may be a difference between the price your dentist may charge you and the amount covered by your dental plan. Here are three reasons why:

I. The Factors Considered When Calculating the Cost

The amount your dentist may charge you and the amount your dental plan may reimburse you for might be different because these two prices are not derived in the same way.

When your employer and insurance carrier determine the amount of money your dental plan will pay for services covered under the plan, they take into account the specific circumstances of your company and its employees.

They consider such factors as company funds available for employee benefits, the nature and extent of use of the dental plan by the employees, and which version of the ODA Suggested Fee Guide for General Practitioners is used by the insurance carrier.

The ODA Fee Guide is a reference of suggested fees for dental services that is updated annually by the Ontario Dental Association. Some employers may use a current issue of the guide, while others may use past issues of the guide.

On the other hand, every dentist sets his or her own fees, considering the factors affecting both the practice and the patients served. The ODA Suggested Fee Guide helps dentists derive fees, but this is only a guide and the fees are only “suggested.”

A dentist may use this guide to formulate a fee for their dental services. Once a dentist has established a fee for a certain service, with special exceptions, he/she will charge that fee to all patients, regardless of whether or not the patient has a dental plan.

II. The Plan Design

For some dental services, payment may be based on a cost-sharing arrangement between the employer and employee. In these cases, the patient pays for a portion of the cost, while the plan pays for the remainder.

As identified on the claim form you sign after you receive a service, you are responsible for the bill. This means you are also responsible to pay for the portion of the bill not covered by your plan — the portion known as the co-payment. It is illegal for the dentist to waive or ignore the co-payment and a dentist who does this could lose his or her licence.

III. The Individual Circumstances of the Patient

If the problem requiring dental services is harder to resolve and requires more time or work by the dentist, the fee may be higher than the dentist’s usual fee. Similarly, if the problem is less complicated and requires less time or work to resolve, the fee may be lower than what the dentist would normally charge.

In other cases, sometimes the fee will prevent a patient or group of patients from obtaining dental care when it is needed the most. For example, a toothache can result in oral infection if not treated on time. This can pose a great risk to patients who are in poor overall health, particularly those who suffer from heart disease.

In cases like this it is better to discuss the situation — including the fee — with the dentist. Often, a better solution can be found rather than having the patient forgo the necessary care. This should involve working out financial terms with the dentist and discussing all possible options.

Commercial Lab Charges Explained

There are many dental services that require additional “commercial laboratory procedures.” As your dentist can explain, dental procedures that involve the services of a commercial laboratory may include:

  • inlays or onlays — small and large restorations, respectively
  • veneers
  • crowns
  • bridges
  • posts and cores for crown and bridge restorations
  • dentures
  • implant procedures
  • night guards, sports guards, sleep apnea appliances, orthodontic appliances, and
  • repairs to any of the above restorations or appliances.


Laboratory Fees Are Not Dental Fees

The fees charged for laboratory services are in addition to the dentist’s professional fee for the service or treatment provided. In most cases, the laboratory services are performed by companies and not your dentist. Your dentist will arrange for a commercial laboratory to do the work to precise specifications that meet your treatment needs.

While the lab fee is passed on to patients, it is not the dentist’s fee. The lab charges passed on to you by the dentist will be the exact amount that the laboratory has charged your dentist to provide the service.

When completing your claim form, the fee for the service performed by the dentist, such as a crown or bridge, will be listed as a professional fee. The laboratory charges reported on the form, using procedure code 99111, will be the fee charged by the commercial laboratory. Again, this is not the dentist’s fee.

Lab Fees and Your Dental Plan Coverage

Laboratory charges must be completed in conjunction with other services. The amount payable by your dental plan will be limited to the reimbursement percentage of the services that required the lab work. This percentage is determined by the employer or plan sponsor and there are a variety of ways in which reimbursement is handled by the plan administrator.

To find out the level of reimbursement that can be expected from your dental plan, you should request that your dentist prepare an estimate of the professional services and the estimated laboratory charges, which should then be submitted to your plan administrator.

The predetermination of benefits you receive back from your plan administrator will explain how your benefits for these services are calculated so that you are aware of what your costs will be, before you receive the treatment.

Stay tuned next week for Part 2 in the series.

(Information provided by the Ontario Dental Association)

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Happy to announce that Dr. Appleton had been nominated once again in the ” Best Dentist” category.

You will find him listed in the “Professionals” category.

We would appreciate your vote!


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Teeth Cleaning

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Why Do I Need my Teeth Cleaned?

Gum disease is caused by a sticky film of bacteria called plaque. Plaque is always forming on your teeth, but if they aren’t cleaned well, the bacteria in plaque can cause your gums to become inflamed. When this happens, your gums will pull away from your teeth and form spaces called pockets. Plaque then gets trapped in these pockets and cannot be removed with regular brushing. If untreated, gum disease could lead to bone and tooth loss.

If gum disease is caught early and hasn’t damaged the structures below the gum line, a professional cleaning should do. If the pockets between your gums and teeth are too deep, however, scaling and root planing may be needed.

The Journal of the American Dental Association finds that scaling and root planing is beneficial to patients with chronic periodontitis (gum disease that has advanced past gingivitis). Chronic periodontitis affects 47.2% of adults over 30 in the United States.

What Happens During Scaling and Root Planing?

This deep cleaning has two parts. Scaling is when your dentist removes all the plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) above and below the gumline, making sure to clean all the way down to the bottom of the pocket. Your dentist will then begin root planing, smoothing out your teeth roots to help your gums reattach to your teeth. Scaling and root planing may take more than one visit to complete and may require a local anesthetic.

After Care Tips

After a deep cleaning, you may have pain for a day or two and teeth sensitivity for up to a week. Your gums also may be swollen, feel tender and bleed.

To prevent infection, control pain or help you heal, your dentist may prescribe a pill or mouth rinse. Your dentist may also insert medication (subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline) directly into the pocket that was cleaned.

Your dentist will schedule another visit to see how your gums have healed and measure the depth of your pockets. If they have gotten deeper, more treatment may be needed.

Good dental care at home is essential to help keep gum disease from becoming more serious or recurring.

Brush your teeth twice a day with a soft brush, eat a balanced diet, avoid using tobacco and see your dentist regularly.

To schedule your next dental cleaning please call us at 905-668-6301.

(Information provided by the American Dental Association)

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1. Composite Fillings

Composite fillings are also called plastic or white fillings. Getting this kind of filling depends on where the tooth is in your mouth. We bite down hard on our back teeth (molars), so a plastic filling may not be a good choice. Talk to your dentist about other options.

To place this filling, your dentist cleans all decay from the tooth and puts a glue (or bonding material) on the inside of the hole. Composite resin is put into the hole in thin layers. Each layer gets hard with the help of a special light that your dentist holds over the tooth. When the last layer of the filling is hard, your dentist shapes the filling so it looks and feels natural.

– Advantages

  • These fillings will be the same colour as your natural teeth.
  • They cost less than gold fillings.
  • They are direct fillings, so they can be done in one appointment, in most cases.

– Disadvantages

  • This kind of filling can break more easily than amalgam or gold fillings, and may not last as long.
  • Composite fillings cost more than amalgam fillings.
  • Recurrent decay is more of a problem than with amalgam or gold fillings.

2. Glass Ionomer Materials

Glass ionomer materials are only used in teeth where you do not bite down hard. There have not been many studies about how long this kind of filling lasts. Newer forms of the filling may be stronger and last longer. Research is underway to evaluate the effectiveness of these materials.

– Advantages

  • These fillings are the same colour as your natural teeth.
  • They contain fluoride, which helps stop recurrent decay in the tooth.
  • They do not have to be put in layer by layer; thus, they are simpler to put in than composite resins.
  • They are direct fillings and can be done in one appointment, in most cases.
  • They cost less than gold fillings.

– Disadvantages

  • They are not as strong and will not last as long as other fillings.
  • They cost more than amalgam fillings.

3. Porcelain Materials

Porcelain materials are the most common type of dental ceramic used by dentists. They are hard and brittle. Porcelain and metal can be combined to make a strong, tooth-coloured crown.

Dental porcelain is made in a dental lab. Unless you have a bad tooth-grinding habit or some other problem, a combination of porcelain and metal can be used anywhere in the mouth.

– Advantages

  • Dental porcelain is the same colour as natural teeth.
  • These fillings last a long time.

– Disadvantages

  • For teeth that bite down hard – like molars – ceramics are not a good choice. Fillings can break.
  • They are indirect fillings, so at least two appointments will be needed.
  • They cost more than most other types of fillings.

If you have any questions about white tooth coloured composite fillings please call Dr. R. Todd Appleton’s office at 905-668-6301.



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